What's this disease call?
it's prevalent in deformed children, where on earth their brain grows outside their skull
Encephalocele is a protrusion of part of the brain through a deformity in the skull. The most adjectives site for encephalocele is along the front-to-back midline of the skull, usually at the rear, although frontal encephaloceles are more adjectives among Asians.
Pressure within the skull pushes out cranial tissue. The protective lode over the brain, the meninges, grows to cover the protrusion, as does skin in some cases. Defects surrounded by skull closure are thought to cause some cases of encephalocele, while defect in neural tube closure may exact others.
Encephaloceles may be small and contain little or no brain tissue, or may be quite generous and contain a significant fraction of the brain
Meningomyelocele( Failure of neural-tube closure below the level of the brain prevents full nouns of the surrounding vertebral bones and leads to spina bifida, or a divided spinal column. Incomplete closure cause protrusion of the spinal cord and meninges, called meningomyelocele) may be treated near surgery to close the open portion of the spinal cord.
Surgery for encephalocele is possible with the sole purpose if there is a minimal amount of brain tissue protruding. Malformations associated near hydrocephalus (Dandy-Walker, Chiari II, and some cases of hydranencephaly) may be treated by installation of a drainage shunt for cerebrospinal fluid. Drugs may be used to treat some symptoms of brain defects, including seizure and spasticity.
Most congenital brain defects convey a very poor prognosis. Surgical treatment of meningomyelocele and encephalocele may be successful, next to lasting neurological deficiency, that vary within severity. Early treatment of hydrocephalus may prevent more severe brain damage
Some cases of congenital brain defect can be prevented with well-mannered maternal nutrition, including folic sour supplements. Folic acid is a vitamin that have been shown to muffle the incidence of neural tube defects. Pregnant women should avoid exposure to infection, especially during the first trimester. Abstention from drugs and alcohol during pregnancy may drop off risk. Genetic counseling is advisable for parents who have have one child with anencephaly (absence of brain) since the odds of having another is increased
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Generally, surgery is performed during infancy to place the protruding tissues support into the skull, remove the sac, and correct the associated craniofacial abnormalities. Even sizeable protrusions can often be removed in need causing focal functional disability. Hydrocephalus( excessive accumulation of CSF contained by the brain) associated with encephaloceles may require surgical treatment beside a shunt. Other treatment is symptomatic and supportive
(edit) Sorry. No, but...anencephaly, a condition in which the portion of the neural tube which will become the cerebrum (front of the brain) does not close, and encephalocele, which results when other parts of the brain remain unfused.