What exactly is fluid build up around the human heart?
What does this mean? What is the actual fluid? And can it be reduced by medication?
Answers: There seem to be different reason. Check the link. Source(s): http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericar...
The heart is surrounded by a thin, two-layer sac call the pericardium. It looks a bit like a cellophane bag. The pericardium protects the heart, limits its motion, and prevents it from pericardial effusion expanding too much when blood volume increases. The medical possession for a buildup of fluid inside this sac is. It can be caused by infection, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus, a heart attack, heart or other surgery, trauma, kidney failure, malnutrition, an underactive thyroid, and oodles other conditions. Pericardial effusion may be silent, cause pain, or hinder the heart’s function, depending on the make happen and severity of the buildup. The management of pericardial effusion, too, depends on the underlying cause, how much fluid is present, and how quickly it is enlarge the pericardium. Treatment of the underlying disorder, such as an infection, heart failure, kidney failure, or malnutrition, mostly reduces or eliminates the excess fluid. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen are often prescribed to self-possessed the inflammation and ease pain and other symptoms. However, a study, published in the January 26, 2009, issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine, shows dose-related increases surrounded by risk of death and rehospitalization for heart failure or myocardial infarction (MI) with adjectives cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors or other NSAIDs. Therefore NSAIDS would likely not be prescribed in the case of heart-related cause. Rapid or excessive fluid buildup may require more drastic measures; otherwise, the pressure inside the pericardium could squeeze the heart. By preventing the ventricles from expanding fully, this pressure could limit the heart’s output of blood. Drawing fluid out of the pericardium with a needle can temporarily relieve the pressure. Heart surgery may sometimes be requisite to drain fluid or to cut away scar tissue.
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